Apache Solr is an open-source enterprise-search platform, written in Java, from the Apache Lucene project.
Apache Solr can be run as a Windows service using FireDaemon Pro. This allows you to start and run the application automatically when Windows boots and before login. FireDaemon Pro also allows you to start multiple instances of the server, monitoring them and automatically restarting those instances in the event they crash. FireDaemon Fusion can also be used to manage your Apache Solr service, plus other Windows services via your web browser.
Apache Solr Setup Under FireDaemon Pro
Please follow the steps below to set up an Apache Solr as a Windows service with FireDaemon Pro
Step 1: Download and Install Java
You need to install java but there are 2 options:
- Java Server (JRE): This has performance optimizations and you can download the latest Java 8 Windows x64 Server JRE from the java website at the bottom of the page. Extract the contents of the zip to your hard drive, for the purposes of this guide we will use "C:\jdk1.8.0_271". The folder name will be different if you're using a different Java version. This guide assumes you're using this version.
- Java SE: This has performance optimizations and you can download the latest Java 8 Windows x64 Jave SE from the java website at the bottom of the page. Extract the contents of the zip to your hard drive, if you use this version extract to "C:\jre1.8.0_271". The folder name will be different if you're using a different Java version.
Step 2: Download and Install Apache Solr
- Download from here. Make sure you get the latest binary zip release.
- Extract the ZIP to somewhere on your hard drive. For the purposes of this guide we will use: "C:\solr-8.7.0". The folder name will be different if you're using a different version.
Step 3: Set Up Apache Solr as a FireDaemon Pro Service
Download and install FireDaemon Pro. Double click the FireDaemon Pro icon on your desktop, then click on the New (i.e. +) button in the toolbar (or type Ctrl + N) to create a new service. Enter the information into the fields as you see below. Adjust the path names to suit your installation. Note the required parameters.
The most important field on the tab is the Parameters. The Parameters define the initial setup of your server. The full parameter list should be as follows:
- start -f -a "-Xrs" Starts the server.
Next, click on the FireDaemon Pro Settings tab:
Enter appropriate values in the fields on the Settings tab as follows:
- (Optional) Logon Account: Enter the Windows account under which the application is to be run, e.g. the current administrator account.
- Password / Confirm Password: Enter the logon account's password twice.
- (Optional) Interact with Desktop: If this setting is enabled (default), the application's output messages can be seen in the console window on Windows Session 0. To switch to Session 0, it may be necessary to install FireDaemon Zero and ZeroInput. Alternatively, this setting may be disabled, in which case the application's messages will be hidden.
- (Optional) Priority: To allocate more CPU time to the application, select a higher scheduling priority in this field.
- (Optional) CPU Bindings: To run the application on a specific CPU, specify the appropriate CPU in this field.
Next, click on the Lifecycle tab. Set "Upon Program Exit" to "Restart Program".
Now click on the Environment tab. This is where you enter environment variables specific to your Solr instance.
Now click on the Events tab. Append a new Termination Event. This is where we set up Apache Solr to stop gracefully when we shut down the service.
Lastly, click the Save and Close (ie. the tick) button on the toolbar. If the service's Startup Type is set to Automatic or Automatic (Delayed-Start), it will start immediately.
If the service's Interact with Desktop setting is enabled, the Apache Solr status can also be verified by switching to Windows Session 0 to view the Apache Solr's messages.
Now click OK to finish setup and start Apache Solr! You can access Apache Solr's web interface by visiting